Individuals who are prone to sunburn are thought to be genetically predisposed to skin cancer. Risk is also increased when exposure to UV rays is excessive. Sunscreen helps prevent the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation, including skin aging and skin cancer like melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
Sunscreens are rated and labeled with a sun protection factor (SPF) that measures the fraction of sunburn-producing UV rays that reach the skin. The higher the SPF, the greater the protection.
The best sunscreen is the one you will use. You may have to experiment to find the right fit.
Some sunscreens we suggest:
For Sensitive Skin. Neutrogena Pure and Free Baby, Coppertone Sensitive Skin, Vanicream.
For Babies. Coppertone Water Babies Pure and Simple, Neutrogena Pure and Free Baby. (Remember: A child as young as 6 months can have sunscreens applied!)
Elegant Products. Elta MD UV Daily, Prescribed Solutions Up the Anti, Anthelios daily moisturizer cream, Neutrogena Pure and Free liquid, Cerave AM lotion SPF 30.
For Men. Neutrogena for Men.
Ultraviolet (UV) rays come from the sun or from indoor tanning. When UV rays reach the skin’s inner layer, the skin makes more melanin. Melanin is the pigment that colors your skin. As it moves towards the outer layers of the skin, it becomes visible as a tan.
Despite popular opinion, a tan does not indicate good health. Instead, a tan is a response to injury. Your skin cells are signaling that they have been hurt by UV rays by producing more pigment. People burn or tan depending on their skin type, the time of year, and how long they are exposed to UV rays.
The six types of skin, based on how likely it is to tan or burn, are:
Although everyone’s skin can be damaged by UV exposure, people with skin types 1 and 2 are at the highest risk.
Spray sunscreens are a convenient and easy, but they do have some limitations. Coverage may be spotty, so ensure that you apply enough and then rub it in for more even coverage. It is best to spray it on your hands first, then apply to your face using your hands to keep from inhaling the product.
*Results may vary by individual